Cultural Consideration In Test Construction.
Before discussing the cultural consideration in test construction, let’s briefly understand what a test and test construction is. Test is an instrument for measurement. They are used to find the quality, value or composition of a process or product. There are employed to determine the extent a trait or construct is possessed by a person or group of persons.
Since test is an instrument for measurement, it is imperative that the test is constructed in a way that it contains reliable and valid items.
Test construction is the set of activities involved in developing and evaluating a test of some psychological function. Constructing a test that contains valid and reliable items is not just enough, it is also important consider some things in during the test construction process.
Culture is the total way of people’s lives and it should be valued and respected, so when constructing a test, it is important you are aware of whom or the groups that the test will be administered to.
The test items should not be constructed in a way that it will disrespect or look down on the culture of the testes. In order to explore the benefits of cross cultural testing, some things like test equivalence, test bias and culture fair test needs to be considered.
Cultural Consideration In Test Construction
Here, we discuss how the test should be devoid of prejudice and that there should be some degree of equality among the groups taking the test. As a result, regardless of culture, there should be some level of equality in testing.
Test bias refers to the differential validity of test scores for groups (e.g., age, education, culture, race, sex). In order to improve the validity of test scores, teachers should pay attention to students’ test-taking demands and adapt their cultural backgrounds.
Educators should be aware of all potential sources of cultural bias so that they can provide academic and psychological support to pupils from all cultures.
Culture Fair Test
This is when a test is designed in such a way that a person’s score on it is unaffected by the nature of the socializing experiences to which he or she has been exposed.
Even the simplest percepts and conceptions have contextual definitions and cultural demands, so it’s difficult to imagine a task that all children had an equal opportunity to prepare for. As a result, a culture fair test should be used.
Because culture varies, it has always been a challenge for testing and assessment to include culture and how one cannot generalize particular information to the entire world due to diversity, which is why cultural consideration are so important in testing.
Test is an instrument for measurement, so when constructing a test, special consideration should also be given to the cultural, and even social and ethical issues that may arise at the time of administration instead of focusing on the validity and reliability of the test alone.